Dog Chat Information

 Get Rid of Fleas House and Dog       Potty Training the Easy Way
 

 
 

 

 

Drop Down Menu

 

Articles Menu

Adult Dog House Train
Adult Dog peeing in house

Aggression in Puppies
Antifreeze Poisoning Dogs
Anxiety Dogs - Prevention
Arthritis - Information
Atopy Dogs
Bad Breath Problems
Barking Dogs. How to control
Belly Bands for male dogs
Biting - Stop Puppy Biting
Bladder Infections Dogs
Bored Dog
Canine Distemper
Car Sickness in Dogs
Cats introduce to dogs
Chewing things Stop this
Children, worms from dogs
Cold Weather -Snow  Dogs
Control of your dog
Crate Training Dogs
Dangerous foods for dogs
DHHP Vaccine Dogs

Digging - How to stop
Death of Dog - Grief
De-worming Dogs and Pup
Diarrhea in Dogs
Distemper in Dogs
Dog hair removal
Dogs, Babies and Kids
Dogs for Older People
Dog age - Human Years
Ear Mites in dogs
Euthanasia -Dog - Decisions
Farting prevention Dogs
Flea Allergy Dermatitis Dogs
Fleas get rid of House & Dog
Fleas on young Puppies
Foods Dangerous for dogs
Heat: Female Dog in Heat
Heartworm in dogs
House Training Puppy
House Training Adult Dog
Hypoallergenic Dogs
Itchy Scratchy Dog - Help
Jumping up - Stop Dog
Leptospirosis Vaccine
Life Expectancy Big dogs
Lost Dog - Tips to find
Lyme Disease Vaccine Dogs
Kennel Cough Information
Kennel Cough Vaccine

Mange in Dogs
Non Shedding Dogs
Overweight Dog Advice
Pet Pee Poop Problems
Poop Removal Carpets
Potty Problems - Help
Potty Training The Best Way
Potty pads to  outside
Potty Train Adult Dog
Puppy -Should I get one?
Puppy Deworming
Rabies Vaccine
Rabies Free Countries
Retracting Leads
Ring a bell to go outside
Ringworm in Dogs
Separation Anxiety in Dogs
Sit - Down - Come - Training Techniques
Should I get a Dog?

Snail Bait Poisoning
Spaying and Neutering
Submissive Urination
Tapeworm in Dogs
Teach your Dog to Read
Thunder Shirts for anxiety
Top 100 Dog Names

Urinary Tract Infections
Urine  odor Removal Carpets
Urine odor Removal Mattress
Urine Odor Testimonials
Urine Marking Problems
Vaccinations for Dogs
When to call the vet
Worms. When to worm
 


 

Healthy Food for Dogs: Homemade Recipes
 Click Here!

 


How to housebreak your puppy in 7 days or even less.
If you need to potty train your puppy NOW - this best selling system will show you how!
 Click Here!

 

 
Itchy Scratchy Dogs
Atopy in dogs - Canine Atopic Dermatitis Simply Explained

 


 

 

 
What is Canine Atopic Dermatitis (Atopy)?
 
Atopic dermatitis is a common causes of chronic itching in dogs. Second only to Flea allergy dermatitis
 
There are many factors which can cause your dog to itch and scratch. Among the common offenders are parasites such as fleas and mites, contact allergies, food allergies and yeast infections. This article discusses Canine Atopic Dermatitis, an inhaled allergy.  
 
Canine Atopic Dermatitis, also known as atopy is a common itchy skin allergy in dogs caused by a disorder of the dog's immune system. It is an allergy to substances in the environment that are inhaled or absorbed by the skin. These substances are called allergens and cause the immune system to over re-act and release histamines.
 
Some of the more common allergens are:
 
* House Dust Mite is a very common cause.
 
* Pollen from trees, flowers or grasses.
 
* Mold Spores
 
Food sensitivity is an uncommon cause of allergic skin disease, which accounts for only a small percentage of the cases seen by dermatologists.
 
 
 
What are the symptoms of Canine Atopic Dermatitis?
 
The main symptom is excessive itching. The itching is often seen in the paws, face, groin, belly, armpits and ears. Dogs will often chew their feet or rub their faces on the carpet or on furniture or they may rub their muzzle with their feet.  Owners may notice their dog scratching, licking, chewing and grooming for long periods of time.
 
Most cases of atopic dermatitis in dogs begin between the ages of 6 months and 3 years. 
 
The ears may be very red and hot to the touch.
 
The dog can mutilate his skin with excessive scratching and chewing. Sores and hair loss can develop. Secondary infections with bacteria and yeast are common. Yeast infections have a unique sour odor that you may recognize from time to time.

 

 
It is common for a dog with atopy to wake in the night and scratch for lengthy periods of time.
 
The symptoms may be seasonal at first, for example the dog may be allergic to a pollen from a tree that only flowers for three weeks a year, however as the atopic dog gets older the the itchiness may occur year round.
 
The owner may notice a reddish brown stain on the dog's groin area or feet. This is caused by coming into contact with excessive saliva.
 
Which Breeds of Dog are more susceptible to Atopy?
 
Any breed can be affected by atopy even a mutt but certain breeds do have a predisposition to it. These breeds include: German Shepherd, West Highland Terrier, Golden Retriever, Dalmatian, Shi-tzu, Miniature Schnauzer, Poodle, Boxer, Lhasa apso, English bulldogs, English setters, Wirehaired fox terriers, Beagle, Boston Terrier and Shar Pei.
 
Is Atopy inherited?

Yes. Breeders should not breed with known atopic dogs.
 
What is the treatment for Atopy? Is there a cure for Atopy?
 
At present there is no cure for atopy in dogs but a degree of control can be achieved in a some cases. Often it is not one single treatment that is effective but a combination of two, three or more different treatments. Below are some of the treatments that your vet may recommend.
 
Steroid (Cortisone) shots or tablets
Cortisone can give your dog instant relief from the itching but cannot be used long term. Long term use can cause serious health issues. Short term use is very valuable for relieving the itch thus allowing damaged skin to repair itself.  Prednisone is often the drug chosen by vets to treat dogs.
 
When your dog's itching becomes unbearable to both you and the dog a week or so on prednisone tablets may be an ideal way to get your dog over the immediate crisis. Use it sparingly and enjoy the benefits. Your vet will advise you of the dosage. It is very important to follow the vet's instructions carefully as you cannot abruptly stop the medication. The dog has to be weaned off it gradually. Sometimes your vet will give your dog a cortisone shot to get instant relief and then you will follow up with tablets.
 
There are side effects associated with the use of steroids. Common symptoms include increased thirst, increased urination, increased appetite (which can cause weight gain), depression, hyperactivity, panting, and diarrhea.
 
For more information on steroid treatment, this article is very thorough:
Cortisone Treatment for Atopy
 
Topical Treatments
Oatmeal shampoos which soothe the skin are often recommended.
 
Antihistamines
Antihistamines usually work great for humans but are not so effective for dogs. The most common antihistamines that veterinarians recommend for dogs are:
 

Antihistamine

Name
Diphenhydramine Benadryl
Hydroxyzine Atarax
Chlorpheniramine Chlor-Trimeton
Clemastine fumarate Tavist
 
Often it is a matter of trial and error to find a antihistamine that works for your dog but quite often no antihistamine is effective.
 
No veterinary products are available. You will need to experiment with human antihistamines.

Desensitization - often called Allergy Shots

Your vet may recommend that you consider desensitization vaccines. This involves testing of your dog to find out what it is allergic to. Your vet may perform a blood test or refer you to a veterinary dermatologist who will perform a skin test for the most common allergens. When the allergens are identified he will order a low dose mixture of those allergens and your vet will inject your dog with this mixture on a weekly or monthly basis. Your dog's immune system 'learns' to deal with these allergens. Over time your dog will require the shots less often, reducing to what is called a maintenance dose.
 
Fish or Krill Oil for Itchy Skin in Dogs (Omega Fatty Acids)
 
Research has shown that Omega-3 dietary supplements in the form of fish or krill oil may be beneficial to dogs suffering from atopy. Many dogs have shown improvement after being given fish or krill oil supplements. A dog needs to take the supplement for three or four weeks before any improvement is noticed.  Many studies have been conducted testing the benefits of fish or krill oil treatments. 
 
 
Atopica
 
Atopica is a drug used to treat itchy skin caused by atopic dermatitis in dogs. Usually suggested as a treatment by your vet when all other treatments fail. It can be very effective for dogs suffering from severe, constant itchiness caused by auto immune disease such as Atopy.
 
Atopica is an immunosuppressant drug. It works by suppressing the immune system. The generic name for the drug is Cyclosporine.
 
Although there have been some success for the treatment of atopy in dogs there are side effects to consider. I recommend that you discuss the pros and cons with your vet about using this drug.
 
Side effects can include the following: (Please note this is not a full list of side effects)
Vomiting
Diarrhea
Ear Infections
Bladder Infections
Loss of appetite
 
Dogs and humans receiving cyclosporine have a reduced ability to fight infections of all kinds including bacterial and fungal skin infections and urinary tract infections.
 
Treatment with Atopica is controversial. I recommend you do your own research before going ahead with this treatment.
 
Also, you should be aware that Atopica can be an expensive treatment.
 
Avoidance
 
An effective long-term solution is to change the dog's living circumstances to avoid the allergen.
 
Dust mite excrement is a common allergen. Dust mites thrive in carpets and beds. Keeping your dog out of the bedroom may help as a typical mattress can hold between 100,000 to 10 million mites.
 
Keeping your dog outside may prove beneficial in avoiding dust mite excrement. However this may not an acceptable alternative to people who wish to share their home and lifestyle with their dog.

Putting your dog's bed out in the sunshine on a daily basis can reduce dust mites.
 
If pollens are the allergen keeping your dog inside can be beneficial.
 
If your dog is allergic to molds then keeping him out of damp areas such as basements can be beneficial.
 
You cannot be sure of what your dog is allergic to unless you have a skin test performed.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
This article article is provided for informative purposes only. Always seek veterinary advice for any medical problem

 

visit counter for blogspot

 

Cat Information

   Disclaimer     Privacy Policy      Site Map
   

Contact Us (Please Read Below Before Contacting)
Unfortunately dog related advice cannot be provided personally by email. Please refer any Dog related questions to our Dog Forums
Copyright Dog Chat. All rights reserved.


Quit Smoking