What is Bordetella (kennel cough)?
Kennel cough in dogs is a highly contagious
upper respiratory infection which can be caused by bacteria
or a virus. The most common form of kennel cough is caused
by the bacteria Bordetella bronchiseptica. Frequently kennel
cough is caused by a combination of both bacteria and virus.
The symptoms of kennel
cough are typically a hacking cough that ends in a gag. While kennel
cough is annoying, the dogs do not typically seem ill and the symptoms
resolve on their own.
Click here for Information on Kennel Cough - Symptoms and Treatment
Your vet may prescribe an anti-biotic to prevent
pneumonia and a cough suppressant if the cough is too bothersome to you
or your dog. Healthy adult dogs can typically fight kennel cough off on
their own. Very young, elderly, or animals with compromised immune
systems should be treated aggressively.
How can my dog contract Bordetella or Kennel Cough?
It is passed amongst dogs like the common cold is
passed amongst humans – airborne such as being around an affected dog
that sneezes and by contact such as sharing a water bowl at the dog
About the Bordetella Vaccine:
The Bordetella vaccine protects against the bacterial
infection. While some believe it lessens the symptoms of viral kennel
cough, the vaccine is not labeled as such. The vaccine comes in two
forms: an intranasal spray or an injection. The injection does sting,
but is a good alternative for dogs who do not like the nasal drops. Both
the intranasal and injection forms of the vaccine are highly effective
for up to 12 months.
Does my dog need the Bordetella vaccine?
The Bordetella (Kennel Cough) vaccine is recommended for dogs that frequently
socialize with groups of other dogs. This includes dogs that go to
obedience classes, dog shows, dog parks, doggy day-care, grooming
facilities, and boarding facilities.
How often do I need to Vaccinate my dog
against Kennel Cough?
Many of these facilities require
the vaccine every 6-12 months and will require your veterinarian to
verify that your pet has received the vaccine. If your dog is at low
risk for exposure to upper respiratory disease, this is not an essential
or core vaccination.
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